Books, research articles

Books

Dennison, E., & Lueck, A., H. (Eds.). (2005). Proceedings of the summit on cerebral/cortical visual impairment: Educational, family, and medical perspectives. New York, NY: AFB Press.

Dutton, G., & Bax, M. (Eds.). (2010). Visual Impairment in children due to damage to the brain: Clinics in developmental medicine. London, England: Mac Keith Press.

Goodale, M., & Milner, A. D. (2013). Sight unseen: An exploration of conscious and unconscious vision (2nd ed.). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

Hyvarinen, L., & Jacob, N. (2011). What and how does this child see? Helsinki, Finland: VISTEST Ltd.

Lueck, A.H., & Dutton, G. N. (Eds.) (2015). Vision and the Brain: Understanding Cerebral Visual Impairment in Children. New York, NY: AFB Press.

Nelson, C., Van Dijk, J., Oster, T., & McDonnell, A. (2009). Child-guided strategies: The Van Dijk approach to assessment – For understanding children and youth with sensory impairments and multiple disabilities. Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind.

Roman-Lantzy, C. (2007). Cortical visual impairment: An approach to assessment and intervention. New York, NY: AFB Press.

Roman-Lantzy, C. (2018) Cortical visual impairment: An approach to assessment and intervention. Second Edition. New York, NY: AFB Press.

Tallent, A., Tallent, A., & Bush, F. (2012). Little Bear sees: How children with cortical visual impairment can learn to see. Deadwood, OR: Little Bear Sees Publishing, of Wyatt-MacKenzie.

Taub, M.B., Bartuccio, M., & Maino, D.M. (Eds.). (2012). Visual diagnosis and care of the patient with special needs. New York, NY: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Zihl, J., & Dutton, G. (2014). Cerebral visual impairment in children: Visuoperceptive and visuocognitive disorders. Wien, Austria: Springer Verlag.

Articles

Dutton, G. N. (2013). Types of impaired vision in children related to damage to the brain, and approaches towards their management. Journal of the South Pacific Educators in Vision Impairment, 6(1), 14-30.

Ely, Mindy, S. (2016). Cerebral/cortical visual impairment (CVI): The responsibility of practitioners in the field of visual impairment in a changing landscape. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, News & Features: Comment, 110(3), 201-206.

Fook, C. L., Lovett, F., & Dutton, G. N. (2010). Cerebral visual impairment in children: A longitudinal case study of functional outcomes beyond the visual acuities. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 102(10), 625-635.

Good, W. V., Jan, J. E., Burden, S. K., Skoczenski, A., & Candy, R. (2001). Recent advances in cortical visual impairment. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 43(1), 56-60.

Groenveld, M., Jan, J., & Leader, P. (1990). Observations on the habilitation of children with cortical visual impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 84(1), 11-15.

Hatton, D. D., Ivy, S. E., & Boyer, C. (2013). Severe visual impairments in infants and toddlers in the United States. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 107(5), 325-337.

Hirsch, G.V., Bauer C.M. and Merabet, L.B. (2015). Using structural and functional brain imaging to uncover how the brain adapts to blindness.  Annals of Neuroscience and Psychology, 2:5. Retrieved from http://www.vipoa.org/neuropsychol

Jackel, B., Hartmann, E., & Wilson, M. (2010). A survey of parents of children with cortical or cerebral visual impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 104(10), 613-623.

Jan, J., & Groenveld, M. (1993). Visual behaviors and adaptations associated with cortical and ocular impairment in children. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 87(4), 101-105.

Jan, J. E., Groenveld, M. G., Sykanda, A. M., & Hoyt, C. S. (1987). Behavioral characteristics of children with permanent cortical visual impairment. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 29(5), 571-576.

Jan, J. E., Heaven, R. K. B., Matsuba, C., Langley, M. B., Roman-Lantzy, C., & Anthony, T. L. (2013). Windows into the visual brain: New discoveries about the visual system, its functions, and implications for practitioners. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 107(4), 251-261.

Kingston, J., Katsaros, J., Vu, Y., & Goodrich, G. L. (2010). Neurological vision rehabilitation: Description and case study. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 104(10), 603-612.

Lam, F. C., Lovett, F., & Dutton, G. N. (2010). Cerebral visual impairment in children: A longitudinal case study of functional outcomes beyond the visual acuities. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 104(10), 625-635.

Lueck, A. H., Dornbusch, H., & Hart, J. (1999). The effects of training on a young child with cortical visual impairment: An exploratory study. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 93(12), 778-793.

Macintyre-Beon, C., Ibrahim, H., Hay, I., Cockburn, D., Calvert, J., Dutton, G. N., & Bowman, R. (2010). Dorsal stream dysfunction in children. A review and an approach to diagnosis and management. Current Pediatric Review, 6(3), 166-182.

Macintyre-Beon, C., Mitchell, K., Gallagher, I., Cockburn, D., Dutton, G. N., & Bowman, R. (2012). My voice heard: The journey of a young man with a cerebral visual impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 106(3), 166-176.

McKillop, E., & Dutton, G. N. (2008). Impairment of vision in children due to damage to the brain: A practical approach. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 5, 8-14.

Merrill, M. K., & Kewman, D. G. (1986). Training of color and form identification in cortical blindness: A case study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67, 479-483.

Morse, M. T. (1990). Cortical visual impairment in young children with multiple disabilities. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 84(5), 200-203.

Philip, S. S., Dutton, G. N. (2014). Identifying and characterising cerebral visual impairment in children: A review. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 97(3), 196-208.

Roman-Lantzy, C. A., & Lantzy, A. (2010). Outcomes and opportunities: A study of children with cortical visual impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 104(10), 649-653.

Williams, C., Northstone, K., Sabates, R., Feinstein, L., Emond, A., Dutton, F., N. (2011). Visual perceptual difficulties and under-achievement at school in a large community-based sample of children. PLoS ONE, 6(3): e14772. Doi:10.137/journal.pone.0014772.

Assessment

Basket, L. (2005). Neurological and visual impairment—strategies for assessment. International Congress Series, 1282, 16-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ics.2005.05.09

Battistin, T., Lanners, J., Vinciati, M., Pinello, L., & Caldironi, P. (2005). Visual Assessment in multidisabled infants.  International Congress Series, 1282, 21-25. doi:10.1016/j.ics.2005.04.033

Newcomb, S. (2010). The reliability of the CVI range: A functional vision assessment for children with cortical visual impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 104(10), 637-647.

Plasticity

Cancedda, L., Putignano, E., Sale, A., Viegi, A., Berardi, N., & Maffei, L. (2004). Acceleration of Visual System Development by Environmental Enrichment. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24(20), 4840-4848. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0845-04.2004

Guzetta, A., D’Acunto, G., Rose, S., Tinelli, F., Boyd, R., & Cioni, G. (2010). Plasticity of the visual system after early brain damage. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 52, 891-900. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03710.x

Hooks, B. M., & Chen, C. (2007). Critical Periods in the Visual System: Changing Views for a Model of Experience-Dependent Plasticity. Neuron, 56, 312-326. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.10.003

Landi, S. M., Baguear, F., & Della-Maggiore, V. (2011). One week of motor adaption induces structural changes in primary motor cortex that predict long-term memory one year later. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(33), 11808-11813. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2253-11.2011

Lewis, T. L., & Maurer, D. (2005). Multiple Sensitive Periods in Human Visual Development: Evidence from Visually Deprived Children. Developmental Psychobiology, 46, 163-183. doi: 10.1002/dev.20055

Murphy, K. M., Beston, B. R., Boley, P. M., & Jones, D. G. (2005). Development of Human Visual Cortex: A Balance between Excitatory and Inhibitory Plasticity Mechanisms. Developmental Psychobiology, 46, 209-221. doi: 10.1002/dev.20053

Prusky, G. T., Silver, B. D., Tschetter, W. W., Alam, N. M., & Douglas, R. M. (2008). Experience-Dependent Plasticity from Eye Opening Enables Lasting, Visual Cortex-Dependent Enhancement of Motion Vision. The Journal of Neuroscience, 28(39), 9817-9827. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1940-08.2008

Sadato, N., Okada, T., Honda, M., & Yonekura, Y. (2002). Critical Period for Cross-Modal Plasticity in Blind Humans: A Functional MRI Study. NeuroImage, 16, 389-400. doi: 10.1006/nimg.2002.1111

Sale, A., Putignano, E., Cancedda, L., Landi, S., Cirulli, F., Berardi, N., & Lamberto, M. (2004). Enriched environment and acceleration of visual system development. Neuropharmacology, 47, 649-660. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2004.07.008

Théoret, H., Merabet, L., & Pascual-Leone, A. (2004). Behavioral and neuroplastic changes in the blind: evidence for functionally relevant cross-modal interactions. Journal of Physiology—Paris, 98, 221-223. doi: 10.1016/j.jphysparis.2004.03.009

National Institutes of Health. (2016, September 1). Six teams seek to identify biological factors that influence neural regeneration [Press release]. Retrieved from: https://nei.nih.gov/news/briefs/six-teams-seek-identify-biological-factors-influence-neural-regeneration

National Institutes of Health. (2018, July 11). Use it or Lose it: Visual Activity Regenerates Neural Connections Between Eye and Brain [Press release]. Retrieved from: https://nei.nih.gov/news/pressrelease/use-it-or-lose-it-visual-activity-regenerates-neural-connections-between-eye-and

Blindsight

Boyle, N. J., Jones, D. H., Hamilton, R., Spowart, K. M., & Dutton, G. N.(2005). Blindsight in children: does it exist and can it be used to help the child? Observations on a case series. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 47, 699-702.

Perez, C., & Chokron, S. (2014). Rehabilitation of homonymous hemianopia: Insight into blindsight. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 8, 1-12. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2014.00082

Tamietto, M., Cauda, F., Corazzini, L. L., Savazzi, S., Marzi, C. A., Goebel, R.,…de Gelder, B., (2010). Collicular Vision Guides Nonconscious Behavior. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(5), 888-902. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21225

Tinelli, F., Cicchini, G. M., Arrighi, R., Tosetti, M., Cioni, G., & Morrone, M. C. (2013). Blindsight in children with congenital and acquired cerebral lesions. Cortex, 49, 1636-1647. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.07.005

Attention

Atkinson, J., & Braddick, O. (2012). Visual attention in the first years: typical development and developmental disorder. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 54, 589-595. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2012.04294.x

Boynton, G. M. (2005). Attention and visual perception. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 465-469.

Cavézian, C., Vilayphonh, M., Vasseur, V. Caputo, G., Laloum, L., & Chokron, S. (2013). Ophthalmic disorder may affect visuo-attentional performance in childhood. Child Neuropsychology, 19(3), 292-312. doi: 10.1080/09297049.2012.670214

Cohen-Maitre, S. A., & Haerich, P. (2005). Visual Attention to Movement and Color in Children with Cortical Visual Impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 389-402.

Das, M., Bennett, D. M., & Dutton, G. N. (2007). Visual attention as an important visual function: an outline of manifestations, diagnosis and management of impaired visual attention. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 91, 1556-1560. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2006.104844

Kossorotoff, M., Gonin-Flambois, C., Gitiaux, C., Quijano, S., Boddaert, N., Bahi-Buisson, N.,…Desguerre, I. (2010). A cognitive and affective pattern in posterior fossa strokes in children: a case series. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 52, 626-631. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03616.x

Nobre, A. C. (2001). The attentive homunculus: Now you see it, now you don’t. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 25, 477-496.

Rees, G. (2009). Visual Attention: The Thalamus at the Centre? Current Biology, 19(5), R213-R214. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.01.011

Saalmann, Y. B., & Kastner, S. (2009). Gain control in the visual thalamus during perception and cognition. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 19, 408-414. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2009.05.007

Shipp, S. (2004). The brain circuitry of attention. TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences, 8(5), 223-230. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2004.03.004

Vidyasagar, T. R., & Pammer, K. (2009). Dyslexia: a deficit in visuo-spatial attention, not in phonological processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(2), 57-63. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2009.12.003

Weissman, D. H., Gopalakrishnan, A., Hazlett, C. J., & Woldorff, M. G. (2004). Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex Resolves Conflict from Distracting Stimuli by Boosting Attention toward Relevant Events. Cerebral Cortex, 15(2), 229-237. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhh125

Weissman, D. H., & Woldorff, M. G. (2005). Hemispheric Asymmetries for Different Components of Global/Local Attention Occur in Distinct Temporo-parietal Loci. Cerebral Cortex, 15(6), 870-876. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhh187

Field Loss

Dutton, G. N., Saaed, A., Fahad, B., Fraser, R., McDaid, G., McDade,J.,…Spowart, K. (2004). Association of binocular lower visual field impairment, simultaneous perception, disordered visually guided motion and inaccurate saccades in children with cerebral visual dysfunction—a retrospective observational study. Eye, 18, 27-34. doi: 10.1038/sj.eye.6700541

Visual Imagery

Delvenne, J.-F., Seron, X., Coyette, F., & Rossion, B. Evidence for perceptualdeficits in associative visual (prosop)agnosia: a single-case study. Neuropsychologia, 42, 597-612.

Fazzi, E., Bova, S., Giovenzana, A., Signorini, S., Uggetti, C., & Bianchi, (2009). Cognitive visual dysfunctions in preterm children with periventricular leukomalacia. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 51, 974-981. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03272.x

Jakobson, L. S., Frisk, V., & Downie, A. L. S. (2006). Motion-defined form processing in extremely premature children. Neuropsychologia, 44, 1777-1786.

Nakato, E., Otsuka, Y., Kanazawa, S., Yamaguchi, M. K., Honda, Y., & Kakigi, R. (2011). I know this face: Neural activity during mother’ face perception in 7-to-8-month-old infants as investigated by near-infrared spectroscopy. Early Human Development, 87, 1-7. doi: doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2010.08.030

Servos, P., & Goodale, M. A. (1995). Preserved Visual Imagery in Visual Form Agnosia. Neuropsychologia, 33(11), 1363-1394.

Vecera, S. P. (2002). Dissociating ‘what’ and ‘how’ in visual form agnosia: a computational investigation. Neuropsychologia, 40, 187-204.

Motion Detection

 Kaeser, P.-F., & Borruat, F.-X. (2010) Altered vision during motion: an unusual symptom of cerebellar dysfunction, quantifiable by a simple clinical test. Acta Ophthalmologica, 88, 791-796. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2009.01544.x

Morrone, M. C., Guzzetta, A., Tinelli, F., Tosetti, M., Del Viva, M., Montanaro, D.,…Cioni, G. (2008). Inversion of Perceived Direction of Motion Caused by Spatial Undersampling in Two Children with Periventricular Leukomalacia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(6), 1094-1106. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2008.20061

Ocular Mobility

Pel, J. J. M., Van Der Does, L., Boot, F. H., De Faber, J.-T., Van Der Steen Kant, S. P., Willemsen, S. P., & Van Der Steen, J. (2010). Effects of visual processing and congenital nystagmus on visually guided ocular motor behaviour. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 53, 344-349. doi:  10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03857.x

Salati, R., Borgatti, R., Giammari, G., & Jacobson, L. (2002). Oculomotor dysfunction in cerebral visual impairment following perinatal hypoxia. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 44, 542-550.

Balint’s Syndrome

Little, S., & Dutton, G. N. (2015). Some children with multiple disabilities  and cerebral visual impairment can engage when enclosed by a ‘tent’: Is this due to Balint syndrome? British Journal of Visual  Impairment, 33(1), 66–73.

Philip, S. S., Mani, S. E., & Dutton, G. N. (2016). Pediatric Balint’s Syndrome     Variant: A Possible Diagnosis in Children. Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine2016, 1-5. doi: 10.1155/2016/3806056

Early Intervention

Fazzi, E., Signorini, S.G., Bova, S.M., Ondie, P., & Bianchi, P.E. (2005). Early intervention in visually impaired children. International Congress Series, 1282, 117-121. doi: 10.1016/j.ics.2005.05.200

Motor Skills

Chokron, S., & Dutton, G. N. (2016). Impact of Cerebral Visual Impairment on Motor Skills: Implications for Developmental Coordination Disorders. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1-15. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01471

Literacy

Mckenzie, A. R. (2009). Emergent literacy supports for students who are deaf-blind or have visual and multiple impairments: A multiple-case study. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 103(5), 291-302.

Communication

Clark, C., & McDonnell, A. D. (2008). Teaching choice making to children with visual impairments and multiple disabilities in preschool and kindergarten classrooms. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 102(7), 397-439.

Johnson, N., & Parker, A. T. (2013). The effects of wait time when communicating with children who have sensory and additional disabilities. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 107(5), 363-374.

Medical 

Hirsch, G.V., Bauer C.M. and Merabet, L.B. (2015). Using structural and functional brain imaging to uncover how the brain adapts to blindness.  Annals of Neuroscience and Psychology, 2:5. Retrieved from http://www.vipoa.org/neuropsychol

Merabet LB, Mayer LD, Bauer CM, Wright D, Kran BS.(2017). Disentangling How the Brain is “Wired” in Cortical (Cerebral) Visual Impairment. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 24 (2) :83-91.

A Review or Commentary

Dutton, G. N., & Jacobson, L. K. (2001). Cerebral visual impairment in children. Semin Neonatol, 6, 477-485. doi: 10.1053/siny.2001.0078

Jan, J. E., Heaven, R. K. B., Matsuba C., Langley, M. B., Roman-Lantzy, C., & Anthony, T. L. (2013). Windows into the Visual Brain: New Discoveries About the Visual System, Its Functions, and Implications for Practitioners. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 107(4), 251-261.

Lueck, A. H. (2010). Cortical or Cerebral Visual Impairment in Children: A Brief Overview. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 104(10), 585-592.

Maino, D. M. (2012). Pediatric Cerebral Visual Impairment: Notes from the American Conference on Pediatric Cerebral Visual Impairment. Optometry & Vision Development, 43(3), 115-119.

Morse, M. T. (2017). Practice Perspective: Should individuals who do not fit the definition of visual impairment be excluded from visual impairment services? Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 111(4), 377-381.

 Morse, M. T. (1999). Cortical visual impairment: Some words of caution. RE:VIEW, 31(1), 21-26.

Philip, S. S., & Dutton, G. N. (2014). Identifying and characterising cerebral visual impairment in children: a review. Clinical and Experimental  Optometry, 97.3, 196-208. doi: 10.1111/cxo.12155

Roman, C., Baker-Nobles, L., Dutton, G. N., Luiselli, T. E., Flener, B. S., Jan, E., Nielsen, A. S. (2010). Statement on Cortical Visual Impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 104(2), 69-72.

Swift, S. H., Davidson, R. C., & Weems, L. J. (2008). Cortical Visual Impairment in Children: Presentation Intervention, and Prognosis in Educational Settings. TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus, 4(5). Retrieved from: http://escholarship.bc.edu/education/tecplus/vol4/iss5/art4

Autism and CVI

Cunningham, A. B., & Schreibman, L. (2008). Stereotypy in Autism: The Importance of Function. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorder, 2(3), 469-479. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2007.09.006

Dakin, S., & Frith, U. (2005). Vagaries of Visual Perception in Autism. Neuron, 48, 497-507. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2005.10.018

Evers, K., Panis, S., Torfs, K., Steyaert, J., Noens, I., & Wagemans, J. (2013). Disturbed Interplay Between Mid- and High-Level Vision in ASD? Evidence from a Contour Identification Task with Everyday Objects. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-1931-7

Jambaqué, I., Mottron, L., Ponsot, G., & Chiron, C. (1998). Autism and visual agnosia in a child with right occipital lobectomy. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 65(4), 555-560.

Cerebral Palsy

Fazzi, E., Signorini, S. G., La Piana, R., Bertone, C., Misefari, W., Galli, J., Bianchi, P. E. (2012). Neuro-ophthalmological disorders in cerebral palsy: ophthalmological, oculomotor, and visual aspects. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 54, 730-736. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2012.04324.x

Fedrizzi, E., Anderloni, A., Bono, R., Bova, S., Farinotti, M., Inverno, M., & Savoiardo, S. (1998). Eye-movement disorders and visual-perceptual impairment in diplegic children born preterm: a clinical evaluation. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 40, 682-688.

Hydrocephalus and CVI

 Andersson, S., Persson, E., Aring, E., Lindquist, B., Dutton, G. N., Hellström, (2006). Vision in children with hydrocephalus. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 48, 836-841.

Houliston, M. J., Taguri, A. H., Dutton, G. N., Hajivassiliou, C., & Young, D. (1999). Evidence of cognitive visual problems in children with hydrocephalus: a structured clinical history-taking strategy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 41, 298-306.

Prematurity and CVI

Atkinson, J., & Braddick, O. (2007). Visual and visuocognitive development in children born very prematurely. Progress in Brain Research, 164, 123-149. doi: 10.1016/S0079-6123(07)64007-2

Chau, V., Taylor, M. J., Miller, S. P. (2013). Visual function in preterm infants: visualizing the brain to improve prognosis. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 127, 41-55. doi: 10.1007/s10633-013-9397-7

Dutton, G. N. (2013). The spectrum of cerebral visual impairment as a sequel to premature birth: an overview. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 127, 69-78. doi: 10.1007/s10633-013-9382-1

Guzzetta, A., Tinelli, F., Del Viva, M. M., Bancale, A., Arrighi, R., Pascale, R. R., & Cioni, G. (2009). Motion perception in preterm children: role of prematurity and brain damage. NeuroReport, 20(15), 1339-1343. doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e328330b6f3

MacKay, T. L., Jakobson, L. S., Ellemberg, D., Lewis, T. L., Maurer, D., & Casiro, O. (2005). Deficits in the processing of local and global motion in very low birthweight children. Neuropsychologia, 43, 1738-1748. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.02.008

Macintyre-Béon, C., Young, D., Dutton, G. N., Mitchell, K., Simpson, J., Loffler, G.,…Hamilton, R. (2013). Cerebral visual dysfunction in prematurely born children attending mainstream school. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 127, 89-102. doi: 10.1007/s10633-013-9405-y

Ortibus, E., Lagae, L., Casteels, I., Demaerel, P., & Stiers, P. (2009). Assessment of cerebral visual impairment with the L94 visual perceptual battery: clinical value and correlation with MRI findings. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 51, 209-217. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2008.03175.x

Pagliano, E., Fedrizzi, E., Erbetta, A., Bulgheroni, S., Solari, A., Bono,R., Riva, D. (2007). Cognitive Profiles and Visuoperceptual Abilities in Preterm and Term Spastic Diplegic Children With Periventricular Leukomalacia. Journal of Child Neurology, 22(3), 282-288. doi: 10.1177/0883073807300529

PVL and CVI

Fazzi, E., Bova, S. M., Uggetti, C., Signorini, S. G., Bianchi, P. E., Maraucci,I., Lanzi, G. (2004). Visual-perceptual impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia. Brain and Development, 26, 506-512. doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2004.02.002

Hoyt, C. S. (2003). Visual function in the brain-damaged child. Eye, 17, 369-384.

Jacobson, L. K., & Dutton, G. N. (2000). Periventricular Leukomalacia: An Important Cause of Visual and Ocular Motility Dysfunction in Children. Survey of Ophthalmology, 45(1), 1-13.

Ricci, D., Anker, S., Cowan, F., Pane, M., Gallini, F., Luciano, R.,…Mercuri, E. (2006). Thalamic atrophy in infants with PVL and cerebral visual impairment. Early Human Development, 82, 591-595. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2005.12.007

Pavlova, M., Sokolov, A., & Krägeloh-Mann, I. (2007). Visual Navigation in Adolescents with Early Periventricular Lesions: Knowing Where, but Not Getting There. Cerebral Cortex, 17(2), 363-369. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhj153

Acuity

Afshari, M. A., Afshari, N. A., & Fulton, A. B. (2001). Cortical Visual Impairment in Infants and Children. International Ophthalmology Clinics, 41(1), 159-169.

Birch, E. E., & Bane, M. C. (1991). Forced-Choice Preferential Looking Acuity of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 33, 722-729.

Dutton, G. N. (2013). The spectrum of cerebral visual impairment as a sequel to premature birth: an overview. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 127, 69-78. doi: 10.1007/s10633-013-9382-1

Fazzi, E., Signorini, S. G., Bova, S. M., La Piana, R., Ondei, P., Bertone, C., Bianchi, P. E. (2007). Spectrum of Visual Disorders in Children With Cerebral Visual Impairment. Journal of Child Neurology, 22(3), 294-301. doi: 10.1177/0883073807300525

Fazzi, E., Signorini, S. G., La Piana, R., Bertone, C., Misefari, W., Galli,

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